$25 million a year decommissioning price due for Pilgrim chief plant
November 7, 2017 - storage organizer
BOSTON — Without sufficient supports for safely decommissioning a Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station, a state could be left holding a self-evident (glowing) bag once a plant ceases operations, environmental activists warned lawmakers Monday, seeking them to levy a $25 million annual price on a hire if it misses deadlines.
The plant is set to tighten in a year and a half and a owner, Entergy, pronounced a calendar for completing a decommissioning 5 years after shutting is unrealistic.
“Physically it’s unfit to decommission in 5 years,” Tom Joyce, a lobbyist for Entergy, told a Committee on Telecommunications, Utilities and Energy. The fuel that was delivered to a appetite plant on a Plymouth seashore about 6 months ago is “very prohibited and being used now to fuel a reactor and furnish electricity, that will stay in a pool and can’t be overwhelmed for 5 years,” Joyce said.
Pilgrim went into operation in 1972, and it has been a source of vital reserve regard for residents of a South Shore and Cape Cod, generally after a meltdown in Fukushima, Japan, demonstrated a extinction that can follow a chief disaster.
Closure of a plant will paint a blow to a state’s carbon-free appetite goals. Pilgrim generates 680 megawatts of electricity, adequate to appetite some-more than 600,000 homes, but blazing hoary fuel.
The plant, that is rated one nick above a Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s ranking of unacceptable, is set to tighten during a finish of May 2019, and sovereign regulators will manage a decommissioning process.
Pilgrim has a account to compensate for decommissioning that Joyce pronounced stands during around $1 billion and anti-Pilgrim activists pronounced was recently labelled during about $960 million. Activists contend that volume won’t be adequate to cover a cost of safely securing a spent fuel and other decommissioning responsibilities.
Decommissioning Vermont Yankee, a smaller plant, had an estimated cost of $1.23 billion, according to Claire Miller, a village organizer for Toxics Action Center.
“If there’s not adequate income a reactor could be mothballed for 60 years, and during that time apparently a workforce would be reduced to a skeleton [crew], offsite puncture formulation would be eliminated, and offsite environmental monitoring separated or reduced,” Miller told a committee. “If Entergy … skips town, we are left holding a bag, along with lots of hot waste.”
Legislation filed by Plymouth Republicans Sen. Vinny deMacedo and Rep. Mathew Muratore would settle a Nuclear Power Station Post-Closure Trust Fund financed with $25 million annual payments by any chief plant that is not totally decommissioned 5 years after it stops creation electricity. Pilgrim is a usually remaining chief plant in Massachusetts.
“This is a wreckage to a community,” deMacedo told a cabinet about a soon-to-be shuttered plant.
The $25 million price is a “purely punitive” tax, Joyce said. He also pronounced that sovereign law pre-empts a state in controlling chief plants. Conceding that sovereign law permits decommissioning to be finished within 60 years, Joyce pronounced a normal timeframe for decommissioning is 12 to 15 years.
Quizzed by Marshfield Democrat Rep. James Cantwell, Joyce pronounced Pilgrim has about 3,000 fuel rods on-site and a plant has changed about 600 of those rods into dry-cask storage. The association hopes to pierce all of a spent fuel into dry cask storage “as fast as possible,” Joyce said.
Dry cask storage “allows spent fuel that has already been cooled in a spent fuel pool for during slightest one year to be surrounded by dead gas inside a enclosure called a cask” that is typically a steel cylinder welded or bolted sealed and afterwards surrounded by “additional steel, concrete, or other element to yield deviation helmet to workers and members of a public,” according to a Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
While a speed with that Entergy can decommission Pilgrim is still a matter of debate, there is small doubt a plant will stop operations as announced, according to Joyce.
“My bargain is there isn’t a scintilla of a possibility of this plant handling – sadly – over a finish of May 2019,” Joyce said.